Applications of powder metallurgy

Powder metallurgy products are usually used in a wide range of applications, from general machinery manufacturing to precision instruments; from hardware tools to large machinery; from the electronics industry to motor manufacturing; from the civil industry to the military industry; from general technology to cutting-edge high technology, all of which can be seen in powder metallurgy products Powder metallurgy - basics & applications Powder metallurgy - science of producing metal powders and making finished /semifinished objects from mixed or alloyed powders with or without the addition of nonmetallic constituents Steps in powder metallurgy:Powder production, Compaction, Sintering, & Secondary operations Powder production

Process - Powder Metallurgy Gear - YEH DER

Application of powder metallurgy in automobiles 1.VVT powder metallurgy parts. VVT or VCT (Variable Cam Timing System) adjusts the phase of the engine cam through the... 2. Powder metallurgy parts in the oil pump. At present, most of the engine oil pump and the automatic transmission oil... 3.. Applications Of Powder Metallurgy. Powder processing is best used for some specific manufacturing applications. Many factors make powder processing unique. An advantage of powder metallurgy is that very little material is wasted, as opposed to metal casting that requires a gating system that must be removed Current applications of powder metallurgy (PM) aluminum for automotives are predominantly focused on cam caps. Metal Powder Products Company (MPP) pioneered the cam cap production and is the leading producer of the parts in the world. For moving valve-train parts, the lighter aluminum not only reduces weigh Powder metallurgy has a range of diverse uses, and has an important role in the advanced material process technology industry. By compacting and sintering, P/M can create a direct final product (net shaping) or a product near its final form (near net shaping) Powder Metallurgy Application: To produce a porous product and Babbitt bearing for automobiles. To produce oil pump gears for automobiles. Used for production of cutting tools, wire drawing dies and deep drawing dies

Application And Features of Powder Metallurgy Products

  1. g and sintering, to produce metal materials, composite materials and various types of products
  2. Applications Of Powder Metallurgy Powder processing is best used for some specific manufacturing applications. factors make powder processing unique. An advantage of powder metallurgy is that very little material is wasted, as opposed to metal casting that requires a gating system tha
  3. Metallic materials like 316L steel, CoCr alloys, titanium and titanium alloys are established for biomedical applications owing to their biocompatibility and outstanding combination of strength and ductility. Therefore, they are preferentially applied for load-bearing implants provided for joint replacement, trauma or dentistry
  4. Powder metallurgy techniques are employed for the manufacture of Babbitt connecting rods and main bearings for automobile engines. The process consists of applying a mixture of copper and nickel powders to a steel backing piece and passing the same in a sintering furnace
  5. Abstract: Powder metallurgy (PM) of biomaterials is still a niche market, but considerable progress in related manufacturing technologies opens up the possibility of participating in the emerging market for medical devices and surgical implants within the next decade
  6. ent powder metallurgy products are as follows: Filters: Powder metallurgy filters have greater strength and shock resistance than ceramic filters. Fiber metal filters, having porosity up to 95% and more, are used for filtering air and fluids

Many powder metallurgy processing techniques are available for manufacturing different components, ranging from pressing and sintering to hot isostatic pressing, powder forging, metal injection molding and rapid prototyping; these are discussed in various publications (Federation (MPIF), 1998, Federation (MPIF), 2008; EPMA, 2008; ASM International, 1998, Ramakrishnan, 2002) Powder metallurgy technique has been used in the production of permanent magnets since 1700s, and found to be the best method of fabrication of this sort of magnets. Most of high performance permanent magnets have been fabricated by employing powder metallurgy Application of Powder Metallurgy in Gear Manufacturing Gear manufacturing technology includes hobbing, milling, gear shaping, powder metallurgy pressing and other processes. Powder metallurgy gear is widely used in various automotive engines, which is very economical and practical in large quantities Powder metallurgy (PM) is an established green manufacturing technology for the production of net-shape components. The ability to use PM to mass produce reliable precision parts consistently at a cheap rate is very attractive to the automotive industry Applications. Last Updated on Fri, 14 May 2021 | Powder Metallurgy. Parts that are candidates for application of CIP originate within the sets (not all inclusive). They are expensive materials such as titanium, tungsten, molybdenum, and tantalum; materials difficult to machine such as tungsten carbide/cobalt, titanium carbide/iron, titanium, and.

Applications of powder metallurgy. P/M parts are generally used as filters due to porous nature; Making cutting tools and dies; Used in making machinery parts; Due to self-lubricating property P/M components are widely used in making bearings and bushes; P/M process is also used in making magnet Iron powder is commonly used for sintering Powder metallurgy (PM) is a term covering a wide range of ways in which materials or components are made from metal powders. PM processes can avoid, or greatly reduce, the need to use metal removal processes, thereby drastically reducing yield losses in manufacture and often resulting in lower costs Applications. Last Updated on Fri, 14 May 2021 | Powder Metallurgy. Parts that are candidates for application of CIP originate within the sets (not all inclusive). They are expensive materials such as titanium, tungsten, molybdenum, and tantalum; materials difficult to machine such as tungsten carbide/cobalt, titanium carbide/iron, titanium. Infiltration is an operation in which the pores of the powder metallurgy part are filled with molten metal using capillary action. Application: Some prominent powder metallurgy products are as follows: Filters: Powder metallurgy filters have greater strength and shock resistance than ceramic filters. Fiber metal filters, having porosity up to. The primary market for metal powder is the production of powder metallurgy (PM) parts, which are dominated primarily by iron and copper powders. This article reviews the chemical and pyrotechnics applications of ferrous and nonferrous powders

Other Applications of Powder Metallurgy-- refractory metals, electric contact materials, switch materials, electrodes, friction materials, magnetic applications, metal-bonded diamond tool materials; Cancellation policy. Refund Policy for Online Courses(includes Self-Studies and DVDs 1. General powder metallurgy gear manufacturing processes are few. 2. When the gear is manufactured by powder metallurgy, the material utilization rate can reach more than 95%. 3. The repeatability of powder metallurgical gears is very good Metal Powder has different applications like Industrial tools, 3d Printing & More. CNPC is the best supplier for your metal powder needs. Powder metallurgy is producing metal powder or use the metal powder(or the mixture of metal powder and nonmetal powder )a... Total 1Page8Records 7. Applications of Powder Metallurgy: i. Porous Products: Articles manufactured by powder metallurgy can be given any degree of desired porosity. By controlling the article size and distribution and the pressure during compaction, the percentage of porosity can be controlled within the narrow limits Powder metallurgy (PM) is an established green manufacturing technology for the production of net-shape components. The ability to use PM to mass produce reliable precision parts consistently at a.

Request PDF | Biomedical Applications of Powder Metallurgy | The performance and properties of Titanium (Ti) and its alloys can be fully exploited for biomedical applications such as orthopedic. Fundamentals and Applications of Powder Metallurgy Online | Product code: 21321C. Description. Authored by nationally recognized authority, F.V. Lenel, Professor Emeritus, RPI. Powder Metallurgy (P/M) has been a small but rapidly growing source of near-net shaped parts for industry DOI: 10.1533/9780857098900.4.520 Corpus ID: 137249539. Applications of powder metallurgy in biomaterials @inproceedings{Bram2013ApplicationsOP, title={Applications of powder metallurgy in biomaterials}, author={M. Bram and T. Ebel and M. Wolff and A. P. C. Barbosa and N. Tuncer}, year={2013} DOI: 10.29137/UMAGD.349955 Corpus ID: 117371108. The Development and Applications of Powder Metallurgy Manufacturing Methods in Automotive Industry @inproceedings{Erdem2017TheDA, title={The Development and Applications of Powder Metallurgy Manufacturing Methods in Automotive Industry}, author={O. Erdem}, year={2017} We engineer customized, structural metal powders through water atomization for Powder Metallurgy (P/M) applications in a wide range of stainless steel alloys. The process includes pressing & sintering a metal powder into near net shape parts

Answer to Paraphrase the application of powder metallurgy. Answer- applications in: Automotive industry- Iron-based powders and stainless steel powders make up the bulk of what is consumed Aerospace applications which involve the use of components produced by powder metallurgy techniques are reviewed. In particular, applications of beryllium, tungsten, molybdenum, and tantalum are discussed. The research and development programs being carried out by the US Army, Navy, and Air Force under the auspices of the Department of Defense are reviewed. Four important potential areas of. Powder metallurgy offers the following specific advantages. Parts can be produced from high melting point refractory metals with respectively less difficulty and at less cost. Production rates are high even for complex parts primarily because of the use of automated equipment in the process. Near net shape components are produced Copper and Copper Alloy Powder Metallurgy Properties and Applications. By John L. Everhart Metal Powder Industries Federation. Introduction. Powder metallurgy, the technology of utilizing metal powders, offers the engineer a means conserving materials, reducing machining and securing a uniform product at a reasonable cost

Metallurgy | Refractory Metals and Alloys

Powder metallurgy technology has realized these possibilities well. 3. Powder metallurgy parts in small refrigeration compressors If small refrigeration compressors are the heart of refrigerators and room air conditioners, then it is the powder metallurgy parts that determine the quality and service life of this heart The study of powder metallurgy processing methods for titanium represents a promising avenue that can respond to a growing demand. This work reports the feasibility of direct powder forging (DPF) as a method to process large spherical Ti-6Al-4V powder into wrought products with noteworthy properties and physical characteristics. Direct powder forging is a thermomechanical process that imparts. PowderMetallurgy Stainless Steels Applications PrasanK.Samal,RolandT. WarzelIII andSuresh O. Shah. . . 480 Physical Properties ofPowderMetallurgy Stainless Steels.. . . 480 Examples ofApplications of Powder Metallurgy Stainless Steels 482 PowderMetallurgyToolSteels 489 Properties ofPowderMetallurgyTool Steels PaulBeiss 491 HardnessConversion 49 Powder metallurgy is a metal forming process in which compacted metal powders are heated to just below their melting point. Although the process has been around for more than 100 years, over the past quarter-century it has been widely recognized as a superior method for making high-quality parts for a variety of important applications

Powder Metallurgy, applications of powder metallurgy and description of the process of powder metallurgy are the main features of this article. The powder metallurgy technique is relatively new but it has become very popular among the engineers and manufacturing businesses because of its efficiency and negligible material wastage Removing excess material by using cutting tool to imparts specific features such as Threads, Grooves, Undercuts etc, which are not practicable in powder metallurgy process. Heat Treatment: Process of Heating & Cooling at a desired rate to improve Grain Structure, Strength & Hardness 17 Automotive applications of powder metallurgy 493 P. ra m a k r I S h n a n, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India 17.1 Introduction 493 17.2 Powder metallurgy parts 494 17.3 Materials 505 17.4 Innovative powder metallurgy products 508 17.5 Emerging trends 511 17.6 Conclusions 517 17.7 References 51 Direct current (dc) plasma-assisted sintering of metal parts is a promising and relatively new research and development field in powder metallurgy (PM). In the present entry, it is intended to introduce the reader to the main applications of the dc plasma sintering process in PM. To achieve this goal, the present entry is divided in a brief introduction and sections in which the bases of the.

2015. Volume 7 covers the basic principles and techniques of powder metallurgy (PM) as it applies to specific metal/alloy families. It addresses powder manufacturing and characterization along with compaction, sintering, and full density processing. It also provides information on metal injection molding and conventional press and sinter powder. As the advantages of using these powders to improve the properties of nonmetallic materials become more apparent, new applications continue to develop. Currently, copper and copper alloy powders are used in paints, coatings and inks, plastics-metal combinations, brazing pastes and in a variety of other applications An example of one of the production processes of aluminum powder metallurgy from the manufacture of powder to the finished product is shown in the figure 3. Figure 3 - An example of a typical production technology aluminum powder materials and products from them [3] Applications for powder aluminum product Powder metallurgy is an umbrella term covering several processes used for manufacturing metallic components from metal powders. The main processes include: Press and sinter. Powder bed fusion. Powder injection molding. Hot/cold isostatic pressing. To achieve consistently high quality in these metallic components, the properties of the metal.

Al-Si Alloys: Automotive, Aeronautical, and Aerospace

Application of powder metallurgy in automobiles - Meetyou

Powder Metal Group offers helical gears, spur gears and

Design And Applications Of Powder Metallurgy Processes

Ans : A. Explanation: Powder metallurgy (PM) is a term covering a wide range of ways in which materials or components are made from metal powders. Question 2. PM processes can greatly the need to use metal removal processes. A. increase Global Powder Metallurgy Market by Type (Ferrous, Non-ferrous, Others, The segment of ferrous holds a comparatively larger share in global market, which accounts for about 77%.), By Application (Automotive, Electrical and Electronics, Industrial, Others, The automotive holds an important share in terms of applications, and accounts for 63% of the market share. POWDER METALLURGY: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS - Ebook written by P. C. ANGELO, R. SUBRAMANIAN. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read POWDER METALLURGY: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS Powder metallurgy is the process of blending fine powdered materials, compacting the same into a desired shape or form inside a mould followed by heating of the compacted powder in a controlled atmosphere, referred to as sintering to facilitate the formation of bonding of the powder particles to form the final part Contents: METAL POWDER PRODUCTION: Iron powders -- Low alloy steel powders -- Stainless steel powders -- Tool steel powders -- Copper powder -- Copper-alloy powders -- Silver powder -- Nickel powder -- Nickel base alloy powders -- Cobalt powder -- Tin powder -- Aluminum and aluminum alloy powders -- Magnesium alloy powders -- Tungsten powder -- Molybdenum powder -- Tantalum powder -- Titanium.

Applications of Powder Metallurgy Aluminums for Automotive

What is Powder Metallurgy? Process, Application

Sintering or frittage is the process of compacting and forming a solid mass of material by heat or pressure without melting it to the point of liquefaction.. Sintering happens naturally in mineral deposits or as part of a manufacturing process used with metals, ceramics, plastics, and other materials.The atoms in the materials diffuse across the boundaries of the particles, fusing the. elastomers and their application Property and Applications of Powder Metallurgy powder Metallurgy techniques. Read more. Collapse. Reviews Review policy and info. 4.0. 69 total. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1

Powder metallurgy process & application - ALPA Powder

GKN Powder Metallurgy is proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual. Application Of Powder Metallurgy 已关闭评论 The development of Metal Injection Molding(MIM)industry was reviewed. The production methods of MIM powder and some typical MIM processes, which were the two chief factors affecting the MIM industry of 21st century

(1982). Application of Powder Metallurgy in Cutting-Tool Development. Powder Metallurgy: Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 130-135 Applications. Powder Metallurgy. The world leader in supply of graphite and carbon powders for standard non-ferrous powder metallurgy, including brass and bronze applications, protective coatings for sintering trays, and metal injection molding, Asbury has been producing high-quality natural and synthetic graphite products since the inception.

Design And Applications Of Powder Processe

Applications of Powder Metallurgy Aluminums for Automotive Valve-Trains 2008-01-1108 Current applications of powder metallurgy (PM) aluminum for automotives are predominantly focused on cam caps. Metal Powder Products Company (MPP) pioneered the cam cap production and is the leading producer of the parts in the world Powder metallurgy: Advanced techniques and applications Akanksha Verma akankshaverma067@gmail.com Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh ABSTRACT In this paper, a brief review about the advancement in powder metallurgy process along with their applications as well as problems faced during the research is discussed Powder metallurgy (P/M) is a materials processing. technology to create new materials and parts by diffusing. different metal powders as raw ingredients through the. sintering process. Products are created by P/M using the. basic process shown in Figure 1. fFeatures of P/M Powder metallurgy : applications, advantages, and limitations : a project of the Powder Metallurgy Committee of the Mechanical Working and Forming Division of American Society for Metals Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Reddit Among the books in the top listing in your reading list is actually Powder Metallurgy: Science, Technology and Applications. This book which is qualified as The Hungry Hillsides can get you closer in becoming precious person. By looking right up and review this book you can get many advantages

Description. This Self-Study Course provides a broad introduction to the fundamental principles of powder metallurgy. The student will gain an understanding of basic science and engineering as it relates to the technology. Practical applications of metal and alloy behavior, various manufacturing processes, and management objectives will be. However, they may also have distinct qualities that make one process more advantageous in specific applications and instances than the other. Qualities of Powder Metallurgy. Powder metallurgy is a type of metal forming process that is initially conducted by compressing metal powders into a shaped mould

Applications of powder metallurgy in biomaterials

powder metallurgy: basic steps 2. production of powders 3. powder treatment and handling 4. metal powder characteristics 5. compaction of metal powders 6. high-temperature compaction 7. sintering 8. postsintering operations 9. powder metallurgy products 10. advanced powder metallurgical processing techniques appendix: terminology bibliography. powder metallurgy parts produce pure iron powder. It is used for al-loying and low density applications, such as bearings. In the atomizing process molten metal of the desired alloy flows through a nozzle and is struck by high pressure water or gas jet. Small droplets are formed which solidify into particles. Atomized powders result in higher

In short, modern technology is inconceivable without powder metallurgy products, the various fields. of application of which expand every year. Some of the powder metal products are given as. under. 1. Porous products such as bearings and filters. 2. Tungsten carbide, gauges, wire drawing dies, wire-guides, stamping and blanking 1 application of powder metallurgy technology in wind energy materials For China, wind energy is very rich and pollution-free, which is the main category of new energy Type. In wind power generation materials, powder metallurgy technology mainly realizes the production of two kinds of materials, That is, the brake pad of the wind turbine and. Powder Metallurgy: Elemental Analysis of Metal Powders and Metal Parts Produced by Additive Manufacturing. An integral part of industrial product development is the manufacture of prototypes and initial samples, regardless whether the product is a simple screw or the complex part of an airplane

Powder Metallurgy and Hard Metals. Graphite powders play a key role in the field of powder metallurgy and hard metal manufacturing. Our TIMREX Ⓡ line of natural and synthetic graphite powders ensure optimal compaction and sintering of iron-based structural components with high dimensional stability and high mechanical performance Therefore, the application of powder briquetting machine in the metallurgical industry is more and more extensive. Here, Zhongyuan mining equipment manufacturers remind everyone to use it. When the mineral powder briquetting machine is used, the material should be pretreated to prevent the material from jamming and clogging at the feed inlet Further, powder metallurgy is a flexible manufacturing process capable of delivering a wide range of new materials, microstructures, and properties. That creates several unique niche applications for P/M such as wear resistant composites. Applications. The applications of P/M are quite extensive

Copper Oxide Powder (CuO and Cu2O)

This textbook is written primarily for undergraduate and postgraduate students of metallurgical and materials engineering to provide them with an insight into the emerging technology of powder metallurgy as an alternative route to conventional metal processing

Powder Metallurgy: Necessity and Applications Types

Powder Metallurgy allows a better microstructural design and control, including the opportunities the nanoscale field offers, allowing to compete with other forming technologies in the development of high-performance materials for applications where extreme conditions can be expected In powder metallurgy, the wastage of raw material is minimal, and non conventional materials are also utilized. Mostly, the parts made from the powder metallurgy have size range less then 2kg. Around 3000 BC, the Egyptians had started using the powder metallurgy. However, the advancements in powder metallurgy took place around mid or late. Powder Metallurgy List of Issues Volume 9, Issue 17 THE PROPERTIES AND SOME APPLICATIONS OF. Search in: Advanced search. Powder Metallurgy Volume 9, 1966 - and it is shown how such powders can be used for some applications in which specific properties are required

Powder Metallurgy: Process and Application ~ ME Mechanica

POWDER METALLURGY PRODUCTS FOR ADVANCED GAS TURBINE APPLICATIONS B. Ewing, 1 F. Rizzo, 2 and C, zurLippe 2 ABSTRACT Recent advances in the field of powder metallurgy have made possible the production of alloy powders exhibiting high levels of purity. By appropriate consolidation an The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio Post-processing of powder metallurgy products. After sintering, various methods can be used according to different product requirements, such as finishing, oil immersion, machining, heat treatment, and electroplating. Powder metallurgy is a branch of metallurgy and materials science. The application range of powder metallurgy products is very.

Automotive applications of powder metallurgy - ScienceDirec

Part 2 of our Design for Manufacturing series will help engineers address the limitations and, more importantly, the advantages of powder metallurgy in DC settings. Sintered powder metal parts have proven themselves in high-performance DC applications because of their high permeability, coercive force, and mechanical strength Home Info Application of multifrequency screens in powder metallurgy Application of multifrequency screens in powder metallurgy Fine classification of tantalum powders at cut points of 0.04, 0.1, 0.3,.

(Pdf) Powder Metallurgy and Its Application in The

Powder Injection Molding | China Metal Injection MoldingChina Rich Gold Bronze Powder Manufacturer Supplier

Application of Powder Metallurgy in Gear Manufacturin

Welcome to PMAI. The PMAI is the premier organization for Powder Metallurgy (PM) professionals in India and was founded in 1973. For nearly 5 decades, PMAI has been working tirelessly to further the Field of Powder Metallurgy in India.Activities of PMAI include a 4 day introductory course on Powder Metallurgy for industrial personnel, prospective entrepreneurs and Metallurgy Students.PMAI. Characteristics of novel Ti-10Mo-xCu alloy by powder metallurgy for potential biomedical implant applications Bioact Mater. 2020 May 8;5(3):659-666. doi: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2020.04.012. eCollection 2020 Sep. Authors Wei Xu 1.

Difference Between Sodium Fluoride and Calcium Fluoride

Powder Metallurgy - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Sintering is a thermal process largely exclusive to powder metallurgy (PM). The powder metallurgy sintering process frees engineers from many limitations inherent to traditional design in both structural and magnetic applications: Structural components made from casting or forging that fail to balance cost, performance, & material efficiency Headquartered in Noblesville, IN, MPP is a leading global provider of custom-engineered Powder Metallurgy/Metal Injection Molding (MIM) solutions for industrial applications. The company is a leader in the innovation of material formulation, sintering, densification and powder metallurgy joining techniques APPLICATIONS Camshaft Bearing Caps GKN Powder Metallurgy produces over 30 million engine camshaft caps per year, designed to exceed unique customer requirements. Several material options allow for design flexibi-lity to optimize geometric precision, strength, toughness, wear resistance and/or cost media library. For reporting on GKN Powder Metallurgy, you will find high-quality press material here, such as pictures of our manufacturing processes and interesting applications, photos of the GKN Powder Metallurgy management and our logos. Reproduction and use of all photos are free of charge and without permission, with a note stating the. The potentials for utilization of powder metallurgy by the Army are described in this paper in terms of: 1. Recent developments in the technology of the powder metallurgy process, including powder production, consolidation and sintering, and attainment of high performance properties. 2. Possible applications in Army Mission Areas. 3

Brazing Filler Metal Powder Mesh Size

Powder metallurgy is a group of advanced processes for the synthesis, processing, and shaping of various kinds of materials. Initially inspired by ceramics processing, the methodology comprising of the production of a powder and its transformation to a compact solid product has attracted great attention since the end of World War II Powder Metallurgy Market Size, Manufacturers, Supply Chain, Sales Channel and Clients, 2020-2026 - Download free PDF Sample: https://bit.ly/32KE8z6 #PowderMetallurgy #MarketAnalysis Powder Metallurgy market is segmented by region, by country, company, type, application and by sales channels. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Powder Metallurgy market will be able to. New processing routes for metal-matrix functionally graded materials (FGMs) and structures through combinations of powder metallurgy and casting are described in this chapter. Centrifugal mixed-powder method is introduced as a processing method for metal-matrix FGMs at first. The centrifugal mixed-powder method is a developed technique of centrifugal casting by setting predesigned mixed powder. Nearly 300 guests attended the first Titanium Powder Metallurgy Technology and Application Summit Forum (Courtesy Dr Q/Uniris Exhibition Shanghai Co., Ltd) The first Titanium Powder Metallurgy Technology and Application Summit Forum took place in Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province, China, on June 18, 2021 powder metallurgy. In this research, feasibility of car-burizing treatment on powder metallurgy parts was stud-ied. 2. Materials and Research Process . To prepare the test samples, 64 round discs with 7 mm diameter and 10 mm thickness that are made of low car-bon alloy and produced by powder metallurgy method, were considered The powder metallurgy process is widely used for its economic advantage and for unique properties in the automotive industry. Sintered parts, which are developed through the powder metallurgy process, play a pivotal role in the safety and reliability of the engine and transmission systems